Nature of Village of Yamanakako

Fujimarimo discovered triggered by class of science of Yamanaka elementary school in 1956 (Showa 31) is done with southern limit of lake ball distribution and is protected as natural monument carefully. In addition, Yamanakako is known as Swan Lake, and whooper swan does for wintering. For land where swan spends winter in every year, it is the southernmost tip and is place most of high altitudes. Rich naturally comfortable Yamanakako is known as treasure house of wild bird.

A lot of rare plant and creatures!

Fujimarimo

Lake ball is threadlike green algae of shiogusa eyes shiogusa department. As we make globe (ball = mari), we are called lake ball (marimo) and are seen in Sakyo marsh of Lake Akan of Hokkaido and Shimokita, Aomori peninsula and here Yamanakako in Japan. Fujimarimo discovered triggered by class of science of Yamanaka elementary school in 1956 (Showa 31) is done with southern limit of lake ball distribution and is protected as natural monument carefully.

Cirsium purpuratum

Cirsium purpuratum is special product around the Mt.Fuji with kind of thistle of perennial plant of Compositae.
As for the leaf, big with feather form; is thorny, and, from August through September, touch semispherical big flower with crimson purple.

Harimomi Junrin

Leaf is hard and is called "tension fir tree" as the tip is sharp like needle keenly. As for all trees, height is 26 meters from 20 meters the age of a tree in approximately 250 years. In the golden age, tension fir tree of 30,000 grew a lot like dense forest. Because foreign scholar praised forest covered with the same kind of trees of this tension fir tree highly, it became world-famous and was appointed to natural monument of country in 1963 (Showa 38). However, tree of one of most fell down by typhoon of 1966, and environment changed under the influence of a more later development, and dead tree has begun to be outstanding. Forest covered with the same kind of trees of tension fir tree which dead tree increases to a little can still teach importance of protecting natural environments from experience.

Swan (bird of village)

Yamanakako was known as "Swan Lake", and whooper swan and whistling swan did for wintering than before. For land where swan spends winter in every year, it is the southernmost tip and is place most of high altitudes. In late years mute swan settles down and runs laying eggs - child care in spring and can observe swan in whole year.

Rosa hirtula (flower of village)

With shrub (shrub = low tree) of rose family, form of leaf is similar to Japanese pepper. After having let you take off saki with big flower approximately 5 centimeters in diameter in early summer, there is fruit with much sashimi. Fruit makes shochu pickles and may be used as medicine.
Because we endured cold, and flower which gave impression that it was bright as for the trunk tenaciously bloomed, it was chosen as flower of village as symbol of Village of Yamanakako.

Yew (tree of village)

These for "the original first place" and "the sub-first place" to express social position such as nobles because "yew" made scepter (board to hold in the right hand at the time of full dress in Japan of aggravating = Middle Ages) with sound reading of "the first place" using in old days this tree in the Japanese name; is said that named. Generally, "Japanese yew" was said to be "ongo" by Ainu and was called "header" in here Yamanakako. It is tree tied to wisdom of life of people of Village of Yamanakako which we plant as "tree of fire return" around house to protect house from fire and planted for storm.

Antelope (animal of village)

Antelope is appointed to special natural monument in animals of cow department. By build that let some goats gain weight, two bent corners (horn) grow to head backward. The male corner is long, and point is narrow, and the female corner is big, and point has a dull shape. The corner is conic, and the inside becomes hollow. Hair is long;, in the back, stomach is albescence with Symplocos prunifolia color and color tinged with orange. Hair which is white, and is especially long grows on cheeks. Hair was used as raw materials such as rugs (we cannot say).

Tree of Malus Sieboldii (Village of Yamanakako natural monument)

Tree of Malus Sieboldii of the rose family apple genus grows to popular name Misaki (area of tail when we likened lake to whale) of the shore of Yamanakako more than 130 in big things and small things. Tree of this Malus Sieboldii makes flower approximately 3 centimeters in diameter bloom every year in the end of May. Flower is crimson at the age of bud, but whitens when we finish opening. As small spherical fruit similar to yellow and red apple becomes when it is about September, various kinds of chicken gathers and eat fruit. Yellow dye was made from the bark of tree of Malus Sieboldii in old days. Therefore the word "stain" (somi) changes; and with the name of Malus Sieboldii ask, and is broken.

Squirrel

Japanese squirrel of mouse eyes sciurine. We match body with head, and there is 20 centimeters approximately 15 centimeters only with tail. As for the hair, dark reddish-brown, winter coat of fur are yellowish-brown in the summer. We inhabit the forest and eat nut and leaf, insect. We collect twig and leaves and make nest between branches. "Squirrel" is sound reading of "squirrel" of kanji.

Arisaema serratum

In perennial plant of taro department, it grows under the trees. Leaf has terrestrial stem which there are wings of a biplane (it seems to blow) such as foot of chicken and approximately 1 meter with two pieces. In spring, cylindrical thing tinged with purple called spathe (one not to obtain to hit) is made. As design of stem and spathe harks back to mamushi of poisonous snake, we are called Arisaema serratum. Underground corm has poison, but we call jack-in-the-pulpit (tennansho) in Sino-Japanese traditional medicine and are used as medicine.

Angelica polyclada

In perennial plant of the Japanese parsley department Angelica polyclada genus, we grow wild on grassy plain of mountainous district. The height of the stem becomes approximately 2 meters and touches floret of light green white a lot when it is autumn. It becomes medicine for cold and swelling when we dry root. It is "Angelica polyclada" when we write in kanji.
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